研究:有哥哥姐姐的孩子學語言更慢
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-09-18 09:22 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
Having an older brother comes with plenty of benefits. Big brothers tend to look out for their younger counterparts, and despite the occasional rocky moment here and there, many siblings1 enjoy life-long close relationships. However, a new study finds an interesting downside: children with older brothers take longer when it comes to developing language skills.
 
有一個哥哥好處多多。哥哥通常都會保護弟妹,盡管偶爾也會吵架,但許多兄弟或兄妹一輩子關系都很親密。然而,一項研究發現了一個有趣的弊端:有哥哥的孩子學語言更慢。
 
The study, conducted by a group of researchers in Paris, France, builds upon prior research that had already established that having older siblings is associated with poor linguistic2 development. Now, researchers say they have refined those findings to come to a more specific conclusion: only children with an older brother exhibit these linguistic difficulties.
 
One would assume that children with older brothers would grow up around more conversation on a daily basis, thus speeding up their language development. Yet researchers say such children actually take longer than their older brothers to begin developing these skills.
 
Researchers studied more than 1,000 children from birth to the age of five-and-a-half years old. Each child's language skills were tested at ages 2, 3, and 5.5, using tests specially3 designed to measure numerous aspects of language development such as vocabulary, syntax, and verbal reasoning.
 
What the research team discovered was significant: children with an older brother had, on average, a two-month delay in their language development compared to studied children with an older sister.
 
As far as explaining this phenomenon, researchers have proposed two hypotheses. The first is that older sisters tend to talk more often than older brothers, which would compensate4 for parents potentially being less present than they were for their first child. The second hypothesis is that older sisters usually compete with their siblings less than older brothers for their parents' attention.
 
As of now, the study's authors say they can't say for certain why children with older brothers have a harder time developing language skills. In the future they would like to investigate if culture or location impacts the prevalence of these results.


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1 siblings 709961e45d6808c7c9131573b3a8874b     
n.兄弟,姐妹( sibling的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • A triplet sleeps amongst its two siblings. 一個三胞胎睡在其兩個同胞之間。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • She has no way of tracking the donor or her half-siblings down. 她沒辦法找到那個捐精者或她的兄弟姐妹。 來自時文部分
2 linguistic k0zxn     
adj.語言的,語言學的
參考例句:
  • She is pursuing her linguistic researches.她在從事語言學的研究。
  • The ability to write is a supreme test of linguistic competence.寫作能力是對語言能力的最高形式的測試。
3 specially Hviwq     
adv.特定地;特殊地;明確地
參考例句:
  • They are specially packaged so that they stack easily.它們經過特別包裝以便于堆放。
  • The machine was designed specially for demolishing old buildings.這種機器是專為拆毀舊樓房而設計的。
4 compensate AXky7     
vt.補償,賠償;酬報 vi.彌補;補償;抵消
參考例句:
  • She used her good looks to compensate her lack of intelligence. 她利用她漂亮的外表來彌補智力的不足。
  • Nothing can compensate for the loss of one's health. 一個人失去了鍵康是不可彌補的。
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TAG標簽: children language brother
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