黑巧克力或許能降低患抑郁癥的風險
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-08-20 09:22 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
Scientists have found that eating dark chocolate appears to lower the risk of depression by four fold.
 
科學家發現,吃黑巧克力或能將患抑郁癥的風險降低四分之三。
 
While 7.6 percent of the 13,000 people surveyed reported depressive symptoms, just 1.5 percent of the chocolate eaters did.
 
The study by University College London (UCL), the University of Calgary and Alberta Health Services Canada, also found that the people who consumed the most of any chocolate were also 57 percent less likely to report depressive symptoms.
 
Lead author Dr Sarah Jackson, of UCL's Institute of Epidemiology & Health Care, said: "This study provides some evidence that consumption of chocolate, particularly dark chocolate, may be associated with reduced odds1 of clinically relevant depressive symptoms.
 
"Should a causal relationship demonstrating a protective effect of chocolate consumption on depressive symptoms be established, the biological mechanism2 needs to be understood to determine the type and amount of chocolate consumption for optimal3 depression prevention and management."
 
The study is the first to examine the association with depression according to the type of chocolate consumed.
 
Chocolate contains a number of psychoactive ingredients which produce a feeling of euphoria similar to that of cannabinoid, found in cannabis.
 
It also contains phenylethylamine, a neuromodulator which is believed to be important for regulating people's moods.
 
Dark chocolate also has a higher concentration of flavonoids, antioxidant chemicals which lower inflammation and can prevent the onset4 of depression.
 
However British scientists urged caution about the findings, suggesting that the decision to eat dark chocolate could be linked to other health factors. For example people who choose dark chocolate may be more health conscious in general, which is known to protect against depression.
 
Depressed5 people are also more likely to crave6 more sugary fatty foods and so could be less likely to pick a dark alternative when choosing chocolate.


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 odds n5czT     
n.讓步,機率,可能性,比率;勝敗優劣之別
參考例句:
  • The odds are 5 to 1 that she will win.她獲勝的機會是五比一。
  • Do you know the odds of winning the lottery once?你知道贏得一次彩票的幾率多大嗎?
2 mechanism zCWxr     
n.機械裝置;機構,結構
參考例句:
  • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼和肌肉是人體的組成部件。
  • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.這臺機器的結構是非常復雜的。
3 optimal zmDzhM     
adj.最適宜的;最理想的;最令人滿意的
參考例句:
  • What is the optimal mix of private and public property rights in natural resources?私人和國家的自然資源產權的最適宜的組合是什么?
  • Optimal path planning is a key link for the sailing contest.帆船最優行駛路徑規劃是帆船比賽取勝的關鍵環節。
4 onset bICxF     
n.進攻,襲擊,開始,突然開始
參考例句:
  • The drug must be taken from the onset of the infection.這種藥必須在感染的最初期就開始服用。
  • Our troops withstood the onset of the enemy.我們的部隊抵擋住了敵人的進攻。
5 depressed xu8zp9     
adj.沮喪的,抑郁的,不景氣的,蕭條的
參考例句:
  • When he was depressed,he felt utterly divorced from reality.他心情沮喪時就感到完全脫離了現實。
  • His mother was depressed by the sad news.這個壞消息使他的母親意志消沉。
6 crave fowzI     
vt.渴望得到,迫切需要,懇求,請求
參考例句:
  • Many young children crave attention.許多小孩子渴望得到關心。
  • You may be craving for some fresh air.你可能很想呼吸呼吸新鮮空氣。
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